What is Arthritis?
Skeletal system including bones and joints are very important for our movement. When these joints are inflamed the condition is known as “Arthritis”. Arthritis is not a single disorder, in fact there are more than 100 types of arthritis but the most common are
- Osteoarthritis or degenerative arthritis
- Rheumatoid arthritis
Other types can include gouty arthritis, psoriatic arthritis and inflammatory or infectious arthritis
The causes vary depending on the type of arthritis.
Osteoarthritis– It is believed that more than 3% of world’s population is affected by osteoarthritis. As it usually occurs in older ages due to degeneration of joints it is also known as degenerative arthritis. All major joints are protected by a cartilaginous capsule within which there is a fluid called synovial fluid which prevents friction between the bones. When this cartilage degenerates due to old age or other reasons the bones can rub against each other causing friction. It primarily affects the large weight bearing joints like knee, hip etc and as it progresses other joints can also get involved.
The major risk factors for Osteoarthritis are:
- Gender-women are prone to get osteoarthritis than men
- Age- as the age increases the risk of arthritis also increases
- Occupation-involving strenuous physical stress, carrying heavy loads, excessive walking or running can lead to early degeneration
- Overweight or obese persons have more risk of developing arthritis
- Metabolic disorders like gout, diabetes, thyroid
- Positive family history
- Injuries to joints
Osteoarthritis is a slow, chronic and progressive disease. The symptoms include:
- Pain and Stiffness of joints
- First movement aggravation- it becomes increasingly painful for rising from sitting position or after rest
- There may be bony outgrowths called osteophytes. These bony outgrowths may be visible at finger joints
- Crackling sound from the joints
- Alteration in gait
- Restriction in movement of joints
Rheumatoid arthritis– It is an auto immune condition primarily affecting small joints like wrist, finger joints and can later affect all major joints of the body. Being auto immune in nature what triggers such abnormal immune response is not completely understood but it is believed that genetic factors is one of the primary reason for the disorder. Besides genetics environmental factors like stress, smoking and infections are considered as risk factors for Rheumatoid Arthritis. Women are more prone to get this disorder as compared to men, hence certain woman hormones are also suspected to be the cause for higher incidence in females.
The symptoms include:
- Painful, swollen, stiff joints especially early morning and winters
- Weakness and malaise
- Low grade fever
- Red and tender joints
- Progressive stiffness of joints
- Deformities of joints in progressive cases
- Rheumatoid nodules under the skin in some.
If left untreated Rheumatoid arthritis can lead to other complications like inflammation of heart and its membranes, anemia, fibrosis of lungs, neurological complications like carpal tunnel syndrome, peripheral neuropathy etc.
Homeopathy Treatment for Arthritis
The principle behind homeopathy treatment is to cure the person not the disease. It’s highly individualistic approach based on a person’s mental, physical and emotional symptoms, modalities and trigger factors help to first arrest the progress of the disease and relieve the pain aimed at helping a person to lead a normal life. At Dr.Care homeopathy, our team of well-experienced doctors and dynamic medications has helped many in overcoming their arthritis.